Coaches and high performance staff use measures of an athlete's training load and recovery/wellness to review how an an athlete is responding and adapting to their training programs. There are a number of different ways that a coach or the support staff may measure training load and an athlete's response to training and competition. This may include an understanding of not only the physical load placed upon an athlete in training and competition, but also how the load will effect the body in other ways such as the level of fatigue, sleep, nutrition requirements, stress and mental well being.
These measures are used to assist in the planning of future training sessions with the aim to maximise the athlete's individual training response to improve performance. As well as striving to get the best possible improvements in performance, measuring and monitoring an athlete's training load is also used to reduce the risk of sustaining an injury or illness. These measures are also often used to the medical team when planning the rehabilitation of an injury to ensure that the athlete can recover as quickly as possible without increasing the risk of re-injury.